After a brutal quarter for traditional pay TV, which saw historic subscriber losses, TV networks are looking around nervously for which distributors can pick up the slack.
But the word from AT&T isn’t encouraging.
In a note distributed on Monday, analysts at UBS took a close look at what AT&T management’s recent comments indicate about the future of its TV business.
“AT&T has indicated it is shifting focus from subscriber growth to profitability and is reevaluating its programming lineups to offer skinnier bundles,” according to the UBS note. AT&T launched its digital TV package, DirecTV Now, in late 2016, and has tolerated bad margins in favor of growth. The service now has almost 2 million subscribers.
But AT&T’s sentiment has changed recently, and its goal is now to “stabilize EBITDA [earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization] trends in the Entertainment Group,” according to UBS.
“AT&T’s Entertainment Group is struggling,” the analysts explained. They noted that AT&T Entertainment Group includes all the company’s residential business — including DirecTV and local telephone companies that provide voice, video, and data services — and that EBITDA in the segment is down 17% year to date.
To return the segment to profitability, AT&T needs to cut costs, and a good place to do it is with DirecTV Now.
UBS expects AT&T to launch a new DirecTV digital-TV service that will be delivered through a branded streaming device and will be positioned as its “premium” offering and keep a large channel lineup similar to a traditional cable or satellite package.
“This service is expected to more closely mirror the satellite product and enable the company to take better advantage of addressable advertising while avoiding the cost of a satellite installation,” analysts wrote.
In this process, UBS expects DirecTV Now to be repositioned as a “skinny bundle” of channels, allowing DirecTV to keep the price point the same but cut channels out of the package and get to profitability that way.
That means some channels, which get paid carriage fees by AT&T for every package they are included in, will feel the pain as they get dropped from some of its offerings. One “prime target” UBS sees for this is Viacom, which owns channels like MTV, Comedy Central, and Nickelodeon.
Here is how UBS analysts estimate AT&T will price its offerings:
AT&T’s change in focus toward profitability is not unique in the young digital-TV (vMVPD) industry.
On Thursday, BTIG analyst Rich Greenfield wrote on Twitter that all the vMVPDs were slowing to “focus on profits or lack thereof,” except for YouTube TV, Hulu with Live TV, and FuboTV. He described the latter three as “playing the long game.”
But whether these providers focus on short-term margins or subscriber growth, eventually their cost structures will have to come under control.
Even Hulu, which Greenfield said is focused on growth, has talked recently about creating packages that have a “positive margin.” Morgan Stanley estimated last month that Hulu with Live TV did not break even on a gross profit basis.
Any talk of margin improvement is bad news for networks. For some, they will have to make the choice of bringing their carriage fees down or getting cut out of the bundle. Others with “must-have” content will have a better position at the table. But one thing is certain: Tough negotiations are coming for everyone.
AT&T declined to comment.
If you have any thoughts or information on DirecTV, AT&T, or the future of digital television, contact the author at email@example.com.